[explosions in Likas bay in 2002 close to KK, explosions in HK waters in 2006/7]
[Ref: Veron, J. E. N, O. Hoegh-Guldberg, T. M. Lenton, J. M. Lough, D. O. Obura, P. Pearce-Kelly, C. R, C Sheppards, M. Spalding, M. G. Stafford-Smith, and A. D. Rogers. “The Coral Reef Crisis: The Critical Importance of <350 PPM CO2." Marine Pollution Bulletin 58.10 (2009): 1428- 436. Science Direct. Web.]
Stop Fish Bombing! will run a test of fish bomb detection technology in November 2015. The Department of Fisheries in Sabah is coordinating the effort in collaboration with Sabah Parks with the assistance of all relevant government agencies. Cathay Pacific airlines has sponsored our technical team to fly to Sabah from San Francisco to install and test the ShotSpotter system adapted for underwater use.
Report the initial findings to Sabah government in early December 2015, then present to the American Geophysical Union in San Francisco on 18th December 2015.
Report the test findings and convene a mini-symposium at the third Environmental Workshop convened by the Chief Judge of Sabah and Sarawak in early January 2016.
Share our findings with other organizations and universities also interested in stopping bomb fishing, such as Interpol, WWF, Conservation International, The Nature Conservancy, the Wildlife Conservation Society in Tanzania, and Stanford University.
Develop fund-raising enterprises, educational materials and media that will engage the public on a significant scale. This will enable us to implement the world’s first permanent fish bomb detection installation in collaboration with Sabah government from April 2016.
Invite various governments from South East Asia facing problems with bomb fishing, as well as those from Africa and Central America to Sabah to help them develop systems that can work in their jurisdictions.
We work with governments, local authorities, NGOs and the private sector to build effective systems which both highlight the fish bombing issue for the general public, as well as establish the means to apprehend fishermen involved and provide solid evidence for conviction.
Integrates with Goal 14 of UN Sustainable Development Goals: By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end over-fishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics.
Like many locations in Asia the government of Sabah has faced the grim problem of fish bombing for many decades. Four government agencies in Sabah: the Department of Fisheries, Sabah Parks, ESSCOM (overseeing the security forces in Sabah), and Offices of the Chief Judge of Sabah are fully supporting the Stop Fish Bombing! initiative.
One of Stop Fish Bombing!’s founding members ShotSpotter (SST Inc.) has developed the ShotSpotter gunshot detection system which is now in use in more than eighty-one (81) cities across the US. ShotSpotter has had a dramatic impact reducing gun crime down by up to 50% in some of the areas it’s been deployed. It enables law enforcement to act quickly with accurate information about gunfire. With new installations of ShotSpotter they have often found that less than one in five gunshots are reported to the police using the 911 emergency call. SFB expects significantly worse statistics when we start deploying the first fish bombing detection systems.
Video: ShotSpotter in San Francisco
Back in the early 2000s, Teng Hoi (the founding member of Stop Fish Bombing!) undertook pioneering research which confirmed that underwater explosions could be readily detected using hydrophones, and that sources of underwater noise could be filtered out. There is now a clear way forward to adapt ShotSpotter’s infrastructure and systems to detecting fish bombs.
Research Paper: A direction-sensitive underwater blast detector and it’s application for managing blast fishing – Teng Hoi (2004)
Research Paper: Acoustic characteristics of fish bombing: potential to develop an automatic blast detector – Teng Hoi (2003)
Scubazoo (SZ) is a media company specializing in underwater productions, based in Sabah, Malaysia that have been witness to the devastation caused by fish bombing across SE Asia for almost 20 years. SZ is one of the founding members of Stop Fish Bombing! with Teng Hoi and ShotSpotter. SZ is uniquely placed to spread the word about the problems of fish bombing, and the positive impact the Stop Fish Bombing! initiative will have globally.